Hawkins

HAWKINS (J Bone Joint Surg, 60A:143-156, 1978)
Type 1 – vertical fracture of talar neck that is nondisplaced
Type 2 – vertical fracture of talar neck with STJ dislocation/subluxation
Type 3 – vertical fracture of talar neck with STJ and ankle dislocation/subluxation
Type 4 – vertical fracture of talar neck with STJ, ankle, and T-N dislocation/subluxation