how to prevent hammer toe

How to Prevent Hammer Toe

How to Prevent Hammer Toe

What is Hammer Toe?

Hammer toe is a common foot condition where one or more of the toes become bent in a downward position at the middle
joint. This deformity can cause pain, discomfort, and difficulty in walking or wearing certain types of shoes.

Risk Factors for Hammer Toe

Several factors can increase the risk of developing hammer toe, including:

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Tight footwear
  • Foot injuries
  • Arthritis
  • Muscle imbalances

Common Symptoms of Hammer Toe

The common symptoms of hammer toe include:

  • Pain and discomfort in the affected toe
  • Corn or callus formation
  • Difficulty in moving the toe
  • Swelling and inflammation

Wear Properly Fitted Shoes

One of the most effective ways to prevent hammer toe is to wear properly fitted shoes. Here are some tips:

Choose the Right Shoe Size

Always measure your foot size before buying new shoes. Make sure to choose the correct shoe size that provides
adequate length and width for your feet.

Ensure Sufficient Toe Room

Opt for shoes with a spacious toe box that allows your toes to move freely and comfortably. Avoid tight-fitting
shoes that squeeze or compress your toes.

Avoid High Heels and Pointed Toe Shoes

High heels and shoes with pointed toes can put excessive pressure on your toes, leading to the development of
hammer toe. Choose shoes with low heels and a wide toe area to reduce the risk.

Use Orthotics or Shoe Inserts

Orthotics and shoe inserts can provide additional support and relief for your feet. Consider the following:

Support the Arch of the Foot

Use orthotic inserts that provide arch support to help distribute pressure evenly across the foot and prevent toe

Use Toe Straighteners or Crest Pads

Toe straighteners or crest pads can help realign the toes and relieve pressure on the affected area. These
devices can be worn inside the shoes.

Maintain Good Foot Health Practices

Adopting good foot health practices can help prevent hammer toe and other foot conditions. Here are some

Trim Toenails Properly

Trim your toenails straight across and avoid cutting them too short. This can prevent ingrown toenails and reduce
the risk of toe deformities.

Perform Regular Foot Exercises

Strengthening and stretching exercises for the feet can help maintain flexibility and prevent muscle imbalances
that contribute to hammer toe.

Manage Any Existing Foot Conditions

If you have any existing foot conditions or abnormalities, such as bunions or flat feet, consult with a
healthcare professional to manage them effectively. These conditions can increase the risk of developing hammer

Pay Attention to Footwear and Foot Placement

Proper footwear and foot placement are crucial in preventing hammer toe. Consider the following:

Avoid Shoes with Tight Toe Boxes

Avoid shoes that have narrow or tight toe boxes. Opt for shoes with ample room for your toes to move freely and

Adopt a Healthy Walking and Standing Posture

Practice good posture while walking and standing. Distribute your weight evenly across both feet and avoid
excessive pressure on the toes.

Beware of Footwear That Causes Discomfort

If you experience discomfort or pain while wearing certain shoes, it is important to avoid them. Choose footwear
that provides adequate support and cushioning for your feet.

Stretch and Strengthen the Toe Muscles

Exercises to stretch and strengthen the toe muscles can help prevent hammer toe. Consider the following exercises:

Perform Toe Curls and Toe Squeezes

Sit down and place a towel on the floor. Use your toes to grip and curl the towel towards you. Repeat this exercise
several times a day to strengthen the toe muscles.

Do Toe Stretches and Toe Yoga

Stretch your toes by gently pulling them back and holding for a few seconds. You can also try toe yoga poses, such
as spreading your toes apart or picking up small objects with your toes.

Consider Medical Interventions

If conservative measures fail to prevent or alleviate hammer toe, it may be necessary to consider medical
interventions. Consult with a healthcare professional for appropriate treatment options:

Consult with a Podiatrist or Orthopedic Specialist

A podiatrist or orthopedic specialist can provide a comprehensive evaluation of your foot condition and recommend
appropriate treatment options based on your specific needs.

Explore Non-Surgical Treatment Options

Non-surgical treatments for hammer toe may include physical therapy, splinting, orthotic devices, or medications
to reduce pain and inflammation.

Discuss Surgical Solutions, if Necessary

In severe cases of hammer toe that do not respond to conservative treatments, surgical intervention may be
necessary. Surgical procedures aim to correct the toe deformity and relieve pain.


By following these preventive measures, you can reduce the risk of developing hammer toe and maintain optimal foot
health. Remember to wear properly fitted shoes, use orthotics or shoe inserts, practice good foot health
practices, pay attention to footwear and foot placement, stretch and strengthen the toe muscles, and seek medical
advice when needed.

Please visit PrePodiatryClinic101 for more information on foot
health and how to prevent and treat various foot conditions.

how to prevent hammer toe