Professional Medical Treatments

Professional Medical Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis

Guide to Professional Medical Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that affects the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot. It is characterized by pain and inflammation in the heel or arch of the foot, which can be debilitating and affect daily activities.

Understanding Plantar Fasciitis

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is a condition that occurs when the plantar fascia becomes irritated and inflamed. The plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes and supports the arch of the foot. When the plantar fascia is strained or overused, small tears can develop in the tissue, leading to pain and inflammation.

Causes and Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis can be caused by a variety of factors, including excessive physical activity, improper footwear, obesity, and foot structure abnormalities. Common symptoms of plantar fasciitis include heel pain, especially in the morning or after long periods of rest, arch pain, and pain that worsens with activity or prolonged standing.

Over-the-Counter Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis

Orthotic Inserts

Orthotic inserts are shoe inserts that provide additional support and cushioning to the foot. They can help alleviate pain and reduce stress on the plantar fascia. Over-the-counter orthotic inserts are readily available and can be a cost-effective treatment option for mild cases of plantar fasciitis.

Pain Relievers

Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can help reduce pain and inflammation associated with plantar fasciitis. These medications can be taken orally or applied topically in the form of creams or gels.

Professional Medical Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is a common treatment option for plantar fasciitis. A physical therapist can provide exercises and stretches to help strengthen the muscles in the foot and leg, improve flexibility, and reduce pain. They may also use techniques such as ultrasound or electrical stimulation to promote healing.

Steroid Injections

Steroid injections are a more invasive treatment option for plantar fasciitis. These injections deliver a powerful anti-inflammatory medication directly into the affected area, providing immediate relief from pain and inflammation. However, steroid injections are typically reserved for severe cases that have not responded to other treatments.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT)

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is a non-invasive treatment that uses shock waves to stimulate the healing process in the affected area. During the procedure, high-energy sound waves are directed at the plantar fascia, promoting tissue regeneration and reducing pain. ESWT has been shown to be effective in relieving symptoms of plantar fasciitis.

Tenex Procedure

The Tenex procedure is a minimally invasive treatment option for plantar fasciitis. It involves the use of ultrasound technology to identify and remove damaged tissue in the plantar fascia. This procedure can provide long-term relief from pain and improve overall foot function.


Surgery is typically considered a last resort for treating plantar fasciitis. It is only recommended when conservative treatments have failed to provide relief. Surgical options may include plantar fascia release, where the tight band of tissue is partially or completely cut, or the removal of bone spurs that may be contributing to the condition.

Preventive Measures and Lifestyle Changes

Exercise and Plantar Fasciitis

Regular exercise can help prevent and manage plantar fasciitis. Strengthening exercises for the foot and leg muscles, as well as stretching exercises for the calf and plantar fascia, can improve flexibility and reduce the risk of injury. It is important to gradually increase the intensity and duration of exercise to avoid overuse.

Dietary Recommendations and Plantar Fasciitis

Maintaining a healthy diet can contribute to overall foot health and reduce the risk of inflammation. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help promote healing and reduce symptoms of plantar fasciitis. Additionally, staying hydrated is important for optimal tissue function and recovery.

Conclusion: Choosing the Right Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis

When it comes to treating plantar fasciitis, there are various professional medical treatments available. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the condition and individual preferences. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable treatment plan.

If you are experiencing symptoms of plantar fasciitis, it is recommended to seek medical attention. To learn more about the symptoms and treatment options for plantar fasciitis, visit

Professional Medical Treatments